In 2014, the Government of India launched a one of its kind scheme for development of solar parks. It aimed to provide impetus to solar power generation by tackling acute challenges related to land acquisition and transmission connectivity.
So far, MNRE has approved 38 approved solar parks with a total capacity of 23,104 MW across 16 states.
Figure: Status of solar park development, MW
Source: BRIDGE TO INDIA research
Note: This data is as of March 31, 2019.
The solar park scheme is an excellent example of the Indian government’s commitment to the sector and bold policy making. However, operational progress has been constrained by lack of planning, extensive delays, poor infrastructure quality and high cost. Recent changes to the scheme are a step in the right direction and should lead to more effective delivery.